India is now in the elite club. It has been ranked 5th in global research publication output where countries from North America, the European and Pacific hold the roost, both in terms of quantitative and qualitative research, which has been mentioned by a joint study by Council of Scientific & Industrial Research—National Institute of Science Technology and Development Studies (CSIR- NISTADS) and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER).
The US heads the table by being the most productive country in health tourism research. Other countries to be ranked in the top 10 in 2007-16 were UK (12.59% share), Canada (7.45%), Australia (7.10%), India (3.45%) and Germany (3.38%), Italy, Spain, France and Netherlands (from 2.53% to 2.95%) during 2007-16.
With an objective to study the performance of global medical tourism research in last 10 years, researchers retrieved and downloaded 10-year publication data on world output in health tourism from the Scopus database, covering the period 2007-2016. Scopus is the largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature—scientific journals, books and conference proceedings.
IT’LL HELP IN STUDYING THE PERFORMANCE OF GLOBAL MEDICAL TOURISM
“India also holds a position of honor by being ranked second as medical tourism destination in the world after Thailand. It proudly plays the host to about 150,000 medical tourists annually, and this number is expected to grow 15% every year. In order to help India perform better on qualitative front, it is necessary that the stakeholders in India should prioritize research in this area and at the same time promote international collaborative research.
However, a wide variety of services can be obtained through medical tourism, ranging from various essential treatments to different kinds of traditional and alternative treatments. Reproductive tourism and reproductive outsourcing are gaining momentum, which is the practice of travelling to India to engage in surrogate pregnancy, in vitro fertilization and other assisted reproductive technology methods.
The most common types of procedures that patients opt for during their medical tourism trips are elective cosmetic surgery, dentistry, organ transplantation, cardiac surgery and orthopaedic surgery.
Times’ World University Ranking: No Indian institute in top 200
University of Oxford retains first place
Indian institutes continue to perform poorly in global university rankings. The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore slid in the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2018.
Though IISc remained at top in India, it was placed in the 251-300 groupings of the best universities. IISc was in 201-250 cohort of the previous edition of the ranking. IISc, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur and IIT Kharagpur were the top five Indian schools in the 2018 rankings.
As per the ranking survey, IISc slid largely due to drops in its research influence score and research income. While the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay continues to be in the 351-400 band, IIT Delhi and IIT Kanpur have dropped by one grouping—from 401-500 to 501-600.
“It is disappointing that India has declined in world rankings amid increasing global competition,” said Phil Baty, editorial director of global rankings of THE.
WHY INDIA FAILED
Indian universities performed poorly on internationalisation which measures how successful a school is in attracting foreign students and staff. This is a traditional shortcoming of Indian institutions. “Government policy strictly limits the number of students from abroad who can study in India. This prevents international scholars from being hired into long-term faculty positions,” THE said in an email.
TOP GLOBAL RANKS
Globally, the University of Oxford retains first place in the rankings, followed by Cambridge, which overtook California Institute of Technology and Stanford University, who came in at a joint third. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) completes the top five chart.
Overall, 1,000 universities from 77 countries were ranked by the THE. The US continued to be the top country in terms of the number of universities in the top 200.
World University Rankings 2018: IISc, IIT Slide, No Indian Institute In Top 200
In a massive setback to all education institutions and their stakeholders in the country, the leading establishments have further downgraded as they fared poorly in the World University Rankings 2018. In the global list of 1000 educational institutions topped by Oxford and Cambridge, the number of higher Indian education institutions has marginally fallen from 31 to 30, according to the new assessment. One of the biggest reasons for the continual abysmal performances is the relative drop in research influence score and research income.
Director of Global Ranking Adds
Phil Baty, Editorial Director of Global Rankings, Times Higher Education said, ” Amid the increasing global competition It is disappointing to see that India has further declined in the the World University Rankings.” He further added, “As the India’s flagship Indian Institute of Science moves further away from the elite top 200, other Asian territories such as Singapore, China and Hong Kong are consistently rising up the rankings of their leading universities due to the high and sustained levels of funding.” He also pointed out that Indian institutes were lagging behind on the internationalisation front. “Government policy strictly limits the number of students from abroad who can study in India and prevents international scholars from being hired into long-term faculty positions,” THE said in an email sent on Tuesday.
The Indian Scenario
The sole silver lining this year is the The Indian Institute of Science (IISc). It is the highest ranked institute from the country, though even it had slipped from the 201-250 band to the 251-300 one. Furthermore, IIT Delhi and IIT Kanpur, which were among the best Indian institutions toppled down to the 501-600 band from their last year’s position of 401- 500 club. IIT Bombay is still in the 351-400 band, IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee also retained their positions in the 501-600 bracket.
Meet Mechanical Engineering: The Hottest pick in BTech that Computer Science is losing out to
As the industries across the world fluctuate along with global influences, the latest of such ups and downs in the field of Engineering is with Mechanical Industries and those based on Computer Sciences. Subsequently, similar effects can be felt in academics, with more and more students opting for ME than computer sciences. The trend seems to changing fast, Engineering is being revisited. Pipping Electronics and Communications has led to a surge in applications for mechanical branches in colleges all over the country, and that its poised to overtake an uncertain IT and software industry.
What to the Experts Say
Experts believe that while engineering courses continue to be a big draw for students in this part of the world, its 70-odd options undergo a life cycle of their own. According to research, the decision to pick out a particular course taken students and faculties alike is based on the the enterprise boom that’s translated by the availability of greater jobs and higher earning.
Many experts believe that the sun is setting at the computer sciences and technology engineering stream. As per the statistics, 25.44% of all college students opted for computer branches in 2013-14, while around 24% selected the stream this year. Numbers for Mechanical Engineering are rising, 21.6% students for this year as compared to 20.22% for the year 2013-14.
The AICTE Data
Even though the seat intake for engineering is on the decline (from 16.3 lakh in 2013-14 to about 14.7 lakh this 12 months), experts feel the course will continue to have lakhs of takers. IIT-Madras director Bhaskar Ramamurthy added: “Due to uncertainty in IT, students are opting for mechanical – because mechanical students can join IT companies, though the reverse is not possible.” VC of Chemical Technology Institute, GD Yadav added: “There is so much new construction, new infrastructure, machinery and mechanical engineers are needed everywhere.”
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